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Trumpet Grade 1 Trumpet

The Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn Grade 1 exam consists of three pieces, chosen by the candidate from the appropriate lists in the current syllabus, scales and arpeggios, sight-reading and aural tests.

Total marks in all individual Practical exams are 150. 100 marks are required to achieve a Pass, 120 marks to pass with Merit and 130 marks to pass with Distinction.

Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn Grade 1 (2017-2020)

Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn requirements and information

Subject codes: 14 (Trumpet), 20 (Bb Cornet), 21 (Eb Soprano Cornet) and 22 (Flugelhorn)

The Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn requirements and information provide a summary of the most important points that teachers and candidates need to know when taking ABRSM Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn exams.

They are detailed within the exam sections below (Pieces, Scales and arpeggios, Sight-reading and Aural tests), immediately after the grade-specific requirements, and are available to download here.

Further details, as well as administrative information relating to the exams, are given in ABRSM’s Information & Regulations which should be read before an exam booking is made.

Eligibility

There are eight grades of exam for Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn and candidates may be entered for any grade irrespective of age and without previously having taken any other grade on Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn. Candidates for a Grade 6, 7 or 8 exam must already have passed ABRSM Grade 5 (or above) in Music Theory, Practical Musicianship or a solo Jazz instrument; for full details, including a list of accepted alternatives, see Regulation 1d.

In the exam

Examiners: Generally, there will be one examiner in the exam room; however, for training and quality assurance purposes, a second examiner may sometimes be present. Examiners may ask to look at the music before or after the performance of a piece (a separate copy is not required: the candidate’s or accompanist’s copy will suffice). Examiners may also decide to stop the performance of a piece when they have heard enough to form a judgment. They will not issue, or comment on, a candidate’s result; instead, the mark form (and certificate for successful candidates) will be issued by ABRSM after the exam.

Tuning: In Grades 1–5, the teacher or accompanist may help tune the candidate’s instrument before the exam begins. In Grades 6–8, candidates must tune their instruments themselves. Examiners are unable to help with tuning.

Music stands: All ABRSM Centres provide a music stand, but candidates are welcome to bring their own if they prefer. The examiner will be happy to help adjust the height or position of the stand.

Order of the exam: The individual sections of the exam may be undertaken in any order, at the candidate’s choice, although it is always preferable for accompanied pieces to be performed consecutively.

Further information

Pieces

Three pieces: one chosen by the candidate from each of the three Lists, A, B and C - 30 marks each

List A

No. Composer Piece information Publication(s)
1 Tom Davoren Romanza
Shining Brass, Book 1 (Bass/Treble clef brass edition)
ABRSM

More details

Piano accomp. published separately as Shining Brass, Book 1
ABRSM
2 Philip Sparke A Knight's Tale
Shining Brass, Book 1 (Bass/Treble clef brass edition)
ABRSM

More details

Piano accomp. published separately as Shining Brass, Book 1
ABRSM
3 Christopher Gunning Pigalle
No. 9 from The Really Easy Trumpet Book
Faber

More details
4 Handel
arr. Harris and Wallace
Minuet
from The Water Music
Time Pieces for Trumpet, Vol. 1, arr. Harris and Wallace
ABRSM

More details
5 James Rae Fanfare for the Wimbledon Common Man
from Trumpet Debut
(trumpet 1)
James Rae: Trumpet Debut
Universal (UE 21618)

More details

Piano accomp. published separately as Trumpet Debut Piano Accompaniment
Universal (UE 21619)
6 Susato
arr. Wallace and Miller
Ronde
No. 7 from First Book of Trumpet Solos, arr. Wallace and Miller
Faber

More details
7 Trad. American Shaker Melody (arr.)
Grade by Grade, Trumpet Grade 1
Boosey & Hawkes

More details
8 Trad. English
arr. Hare
The Barley Break
The Magic Trumpet, arr. Hare
Boosey & Hawkes

More details
Grade by Grade, Trumpet Grade 1
Boosey & Hawkes

More details
9 Trad. Spiritual
arr. Lawrance
All Night, All Day
Easy Winners, arr. Lawrance (Treble clef brass edition)
Brass Wind (BW0124TC)

More details

Piano accomp. published separately as Easy Winners, arr. Lawrance
Brass Wind (BW0124PA)

List B

No. Composer Piece information Publication(s)
1 L. Bernstein
arr. Lawrance
One Hand, One Heart
from West Side Story
Easy Winners, arr. Lawrance (Treble clef brass edition)
Brass Wind (BW0124TC)

More details

Piano accomp. published separately as Easy Winners, arr. Lawrance
Brass Wind (BW0124PA)
Grade by Grade, Trumpet Grade 1
Boosey & Hawkes

More details
2 Keith Ramon Cole Granite (arr.)
Grade by Grade, Trumpet Grade 1
Boosey & Hawkes

More details
3 Tom Davoren Waltz for E.
Shining Brass, Book 1 (Bass/Treble clef brass edition)
ABRSM

More details

Piano accomp. published separately as Shining Brass, Book 1
ABRSM
4 David A. Stowell Strollin'
Shining Brass, Book 1 (Bass/Treble clef brass edition)
ABRSM

More details

Piano accomp. published separately as Shining Brass, Book 1
ABRSM
5 Peter Graham Moscow Or Paris
No. 1 Or No. 2 from Cityscapes for Bb Instrument
Peter Graham: Cityscapes for Bb Instrument (Bass/Treble clef edition)
Gramercy Music

More details
6 Graham Lyons On Parade
No. 5 from The Really Easy Trumpet Book
Faber

More details
7 James Rae Cats on Patrol Or Cucumber Dance (trumpet 1)
from Trumpet Debut
James Rae: Trumpet Debut
Universal (UE 21618)

More details

Piano accomp. published separately as Trumpet Debut Piano Accompaniment
Universal (UE 21619)
8 Trad. American
arr. Hare
When the Saints
The Magic Trumpet, arr. Hare
Boosey & Hawkes

More details
9 Pam Wedgwood Hot Chilli
from Really Easy Jazzin' About for Trumpet
Pam Wedgwood: Really Easy Jazzin' About for Trumpet
Faber

More details

List C

No. Composer Piece information Publication(s)
1 Don Blakeson Flingaling
No. 2 from Smooth Groove for Trumpet etc.
Don Blakeson: Smooth Groove for Trumpet etc.
Brass Wind (BW1141)

More details
2 Lizzie Davis Tiny Minuet
from Polished Brass
Lizzie Davis: Polished Brass (Treble clef brass edition)
Brass Wind (BW6022)

More details
3 Edward Gregson Step by Step Or Little Minuet
No. 1 Or No. 3 from 20 Supplementary Tunes for Beginner Brass
Edward Gregson: 20 Supplementary Tunes for Beginner Brass (Treble clef brass edition)
Brass Wind (BW6002TC)

More details
4 Jock McKenzie Sizhu Or Bakisimba
No. 2 Or No. 4 from Dance to the Beat of the World
Jock McKenzie: Dance to the Beat of the World (Treble clef brass edition)
Con Moto

More details
5 Peter Meechan One, Two, Three!
Shining Brass, Book 1 (Bass/Treble clef brass edition)
ABRSM

More details
6 Philip Sparke Puppet's Dance
Shining Brass, Book 1 (Bass/Treble clef brass edition)
ABRSM

More details
7 Philip Sparke Lullaby Or Marching Home
No. 6 Or No. 7 from Skilful Studies for Trumpet, Cornet, Flugel Horn or Tenor Horn
Philip Sparke: Skilful Studies for Trumpet, Cornet, Flugel Horn or Tenor Horn
Anglo Music (AMP 098-401)

More details

Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn requirements and information: Pieces

Programme planning: Candidates must choose one piece from each of the three lists (A, B and C) in each grade. In the exam, they should inform the examiner which pieces they are performing, and they are welcome to use the Exam programme & running order form (PDF) for this purpose.

Accompaniment: All pieces in Lists A and B must be performed with a live piano accompaniment, whereas all pieces in List C must be performed solo. Candidates must provide their own accompanist, who may remain in the exam room only while accompanying. The candidate’s teacher may act as accompanist (examiners will not). If necessary, the accompanist may simplify any part of the piano accompaniment, provided the result is musically satisfactory.

Exam music & editions: Wherever the syllabus includes an arrangement or transcription, the edition listed in the syllabus must be used in the exam; in all such cases the abbreviation ‘arr.’ or ‘trans.’ appears in the syllabus entry. For all other pieces, the editions quoted in the syllabus are given for guidance only and candidates may use any edition of their choice (in- or out-of-print or downloadable).

Interpreting the score: Printed editorial suggestions such as fingering, phrasing, metronome marks, realization of ornaments etc. need not be strictly observed. Whether the piece contains musical indications or not, candidates are always encouraged to interpret the score in a stylistically appropriate manner. Ultimately, examiners’ marking will be determined by consideration of pitch, time, tone, shape and performance, and how control of these contributes to the overall musical outcome.

Repeats: All da capo and dal segno indications should be observed but all other repeats (including first-time bars) should be omitted unless they are very brief (i.e. of a few bars) or unless the syllabus specifies otherwise.

Cadenzas & tuttis: Cadenzas should not be played unless the syllabus specifies otherwise. Lengthy orchestral tutti sections should be cut.

Performing from memory: Candidates are free to perform any of their pieces from memory; in such cases they must ensure that a copy of the music is available for the examiner to refer to if necessary. No additional marks are awarded for playing from memory.

Page-turns: Examiners will be understanding if a page-turn causes a lack of continuity during a piece, and this will not affect the marking. A variety of solutions for awkward page-turns exists, including the use of an additional copy of the music or a photocopy of a section of the piece (but see ‘Photocopies’ below). In cases where candidates believe there is no solution to a particularly awkward page-turn, they may apply to bring a page-turner to the exam. The request must be made to the Syllabus Department no later than the closing date for entry, and details of the piece, edition and nature of the difficulty should be given. If permission is granted, a confirmation letter will be issued which must be taken to the exam as verification. Examiners are unable to help with page-turning. In a Grade 8 exam, a candidate’s accompanist is permitted to bring a page-turner to assist with page-turns in the piano part (prior permission is not required).

Photocopies: Performing from unauthorized photocopies (or other kinds of copies) of copyright editions is not allowed. ABRSM may withhold the exam result where it has evidence of an illegal copy (or copies) being used. In the UK, copies may be used in certain limited circumstances – for full details, see the MPA’s Code of Fair Practice at www.mpaonline.org.uk. In all other cases, application should be made to the copyright holder before any copy is made, and evidence of permission received should be brought to the exam.

Scales and arpeggios

21 marks

From memory, to be played both slurred and tongued in the following keys:

  • C major; A minor (one octave)

Scales: in the above keys (minor in natural or harmonic or melodic form at candidate’s choice)

Arpeggios: the common chords of the above keys for the range indicated

 


Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn requirements and information: Scales and arpeggios

Examiners will usually ask for at least one of each type of scale/arpeggio etc. required at each grade, as well as aiming to hear a balance of the specified articulations.

When asking for requirements, examiners will specify only:

  • the key or the starting note
  • the articulation

All scales and arpeggios should:

  • be played from memory
  • be played from the lowest possible tonic/starting note, unless the syllabus indicates otherwise
  • ascend and descend according to the specified range
  • be played without undue accentuation and at a pace that is consistent with accuracy and distinctness

The choice of breathing place is left to the candidate’s discretion, but taking a breath should not disturb the flow of the scale or arpeggio.

Arpeggios and dominant sevenths are required in root position only.

For transposing instruments, the naming of scales applies to the notation, not the concert pitch; for example, D major for trumpet in Bb will sound in C, not D.

Books of the scale requirements are published for all brass instruments by ABRSM.

Sight-reading

21 marks

A short piece in simple time within the keys, notes and overall range of the scale requirements set for this grade. Some accidentals, dotted and tied notes may be included.


Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn requirements and information: Sight-reading

At all grades, candidates will be asked to play a short unaccompanied piece of music which they have not previously seen. They will be given up to half a minute in which to look through and, if they wish, try out all or any part of the test before they are required to play it for assessment. For practice purposes, books of specimen sight-reading tests are published for all brass instruments by ABRSM.

Aural tests

18 marks

  1. To clap the pulse of a piece played by the examiner, and to identify whether it is in two time or three time. The examiner will start playing the passage, and the candidate should join in as soon as possible, clapping in time and giving a louder clap on the strong beats. The examiner will then ask whether the music is in two time or three time. The candidate is not required to state the time signature.
  2. To sing as ‘echoes’ three phrases played by the examiner. The phrases will be two bars long, in a major key, and within the range of tonic–mediant. First the examiner will play the key-chord and the starting note (the tonic) and then count in two bars. After the examiner has played each phrase, the candidate should sing back the echo without a pause, keeping in time.
  3. To identify where a change in pitch occurs during a phrase played by the examiner. The phrase will be two bars long, in a major key, and the change will affect only one of the notes. First the examiner will play the key-chord and the tonic and then count in two bars. The examiner will play the phrase twice, making the change in the second playing, after which the candidate should state whether the change was near the beginning or near the end. If necessary, the examiner will play both versions of the phrase again (although this will affect the assessment).
  4. To answer questions about two features of a piece played by the examiner. Before playing, the examiner will tell the candidate which two features the questions will be about. The first will be: dynamics (loud/quiet, or sudden/gradual changes); the second will be articulation (smooth/detached).

 


Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn requirements and information: Aural tests

Aural test requirements are the same for all subjects.

Listening lies at the heart of all good music-making. Developing aural awareness is fundamental to musical training because having a ‘musical ear’ impacts on all aspects of musicianship. Singing, both silently in the head and out loud, is one of the best ways to develop the ‘musical ear’. It connects the internal imagining of sound, the ‘inner ear’, with the external creation of it, without the necessity of mechanically having to ‘find the note’ on an instrument (important though that connection is). By integrating aural activities in imaginative ways in the lesson, preparation for the aural tests within an exam will be a natural extension of what is already an essential part of the learning experience.

In the exam

Aural tests are an integral part of all Practical graded exams. The tests are administered by the examiner from the piano. For any test that requires a sung response, pitch rather than vocal quality is the object. The examiner will be happy to adapt to the vocal range of the candidate, whose responses may be sung to any vowel (or consonant followed by a vowel), hummed or whistled (and at a different octave, if appropriate).

Assessment

A number of tests allow for a second attempt or for an additional playing by the examiner, if necessary. Also, where there is hesitation on the part of the candidate, the examiner will be ready to prompt, if necessary. In any such cases, this will affect the assessment. Marks are not awarded for each individual test nor deducted for mistakes but reflect the candidate’s overall response in this section.

Specimen tests

Examples of the tests are given in new editions (from 2011) of Specimen Aural Tests and Aural Training in Practice, available for purchase from music retailers and from the ABRSM music shop.

Deaf or hearing-impaired candidates

Deaf or hearing-impaired candidates may opt to respond to alternative tests in place of the standard tests, if requested at the time of entry. Further information, including the syllabus for the alternative tests, is available at www.abrsm.org/specificneeds.

Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn 1 Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn

The Trumpet / Cornet / Flugelhorn Grade 1 exam consists of three pieces, chosen by the candidate from the appropriate lists in the current syllabus, scales and arpeggios, sight-reading and aural tests.

Total marks in all individual Practical exams are 150. 100 marks are required to achieve a Pass, 120 marks to pass with Merit and 130 marks to pass with Distinction.

Additional information

The pieces set in this syllabus may be played on a trumpet, Bb cornet, Eb soprano cornet or flugelhorn. All the pieces are published for instruments in Bb unless otherwise indicated. Some pieces may be offered on a trumpet in C, D, Eb or E where the syllabus indicates a published edition for these tunings (or where other suitable editions are available).

Eb Soprano Cornet: Candidates should ensure that the piano accompaniments are suitably transposed where necessary. In Grades 1 and 2, Eb Soprano Cornet candidates may choose their List A and/or B pieces from the Grades 1 and 2 lists set for Eb Horn.

Related instrument option: Candidates for any of the above four instruments (Trumpet, Bb Cornet, Eb Soprano Cornet, Flugelhorn) have the option of playing one piece on one of the other three instruments (there is no advantage to be gained over other candidates in taking this option). All other requirements must be performed using the instrument on which the candidate has entered.

 

Publications & audio

Supporting applications

Aural Trainer

An award-winning aural practice application from ABRSM.

 

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