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Prerequisite

Candidates for Grade 6, 7 or 8 exams must already have passed ABRSM Grade 5 (or above) in Music Theory, Practical Musicianship or a solo Jazz instrument. For full details including a list of accepted alternatives, see Regulation 1d.

Syllabus

Violin Grade 8 Violin

小提琴第8级演奏考试包括四部分:从当前考纲三套曲目中各选一首进行演奏,音阶和琶音,视奏,以及听力测试。

个人演奏考试总分为150分。考生达到100分是合格,120分是良好,130分是优秀。

小提琴第8级 (2016-2019)

弓弦乐器考试要求和信息

Subject code: 03

The Violin requirements and information provide a summary of the most important points that teachers and candidates need to know when taking ABRSM Violin exams.

They are detailed within the exam sections below (Pieces, Scales and arpeggios, Sight-reading and Aural tests), immediately after the grade-specific requirements, and are available to download here.

Further details, as well as administrative information relating to the exams, are given in ABRSM’s Information & Regulations which should be read before an exam booking is made.

Eligibility

There are eight grades for Violin and candidates may be entered in any grade irrespective of age and without previously having taken any other grade in Violin. Candidates for a Grade 6, 7 or 8 exam must already have passed ABRSM Grade 5 (or above) in Music Theory, Practical Musicianship or a solo Jazz subject; for full details, including a list of accepted alternatives, see Regulation 1d.

Instruments

Candidates are required to perform on acoustic instruments (electric instruments are not permitted). Any size of instrument may be used. Examiners apply the marking criteria (which include the assessment of pitch, tone and musical shaping) to assess musical outcomes without reference to the specific attributes of the instrument.

In the exam

Examiners: Generally, there will be one examiner in the exam room; however, for training and quality assurance purposes, a second examiner may sometimes be present. Examiners may ask to look at the music before or after the performance of a piece (a separate copy is not required: the candidate’s or accompanist’s copy will suffice). Examiners may also decide to stop the performance of a piece when they have heard enough to form a judgment. They will not issue, or comment on, a candidate’s result; instead, the mark form (and certificate for successful candidates) will be issued by ABRSM after the exam.

Tuning: In Grades 1–5, the teacher or accompanist may tune the candidate’s instrument (or advise on tuning) before the exam begins. In Grades 6–8, candidates must tune their instrument themselves. Examiners are unable to help with tuning.

Order of the exam: The individual sections of the exam may be undertaken in any order, at the candidate’s choice, although it is always preferable for accompanied pieces to be performed consecutively.

Further information

演奏曲目

Three pieces: one chosen by the candidate from each of the three Lists, A, B and C - 30 marks each

List A

No. Composer Piece information Publication(s)
1 J. S. Bach download download Adagio
1st movt from Sonata No. 1 in G minor for Solo Violin, BWV 1001
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

More details
2 Haydn download download Allegro moderato
1st movt from Concerto in G, Hob. VIIa/4
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

More details
3 Vivaldi download download Preludio and Corrente
1st movt and 2nd movt from Sonata in C minor, RV 6
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

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4 J. S. Bach download download 1st movt
from Concerto in A minor, BWV 1041
(violin to play in tuttis)
 
J. S. Bach: Concerto in A minor, BWV 1041
Henle (HN 671)

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J. S. Bach: Concerto in A minor, BWV 1041
Bärenreiter (BA 5189-90)

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5 Corelli download download Adagio and Vivace
1st movt and 2nd movt from Sonata in G minor, Op. 5 No. 5
(observing repeats and with Roger's embellishments on the repeats in Adagio)
 
Corelli: Violin Sonatas, Op. 5, Vol. 1
Wiener Urtext (UT 50235)

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6 Geminiani download download Sonata in D
Op. 5 No. 4
(complete; observing repeats)
 
Geminiani: Sonata in D, Op. 5 No. 4
UT Orpheus (EX 1)

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Geminiani: Six Sonatas, Op. 5, Vol. 2
UT Orpheus (PEG 4)

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7 Mozart download download Largo–Allegro
1st movt from Sonata in B♭, K. 454
 
No. 13 from Mozart: Sonatas for Piano and Violin, Vol. 3
Henle (HN 79)

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Mozart: Complete Works for Piano and Violin, Vol. 2
Bärenreiter (BA 5762)

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List B

No. Composer Piece information Publication(s)
1 Brahms download download Allegretto grazioso
3rd movt from Sonata in A, Op. 100
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

More details
2 Tchaikovsky download download Scherzo
No. 2 from Three Pieces, Op. 42
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

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3 Wieniawski download download Obertass
No. 1 from Two Mazurkas, Op. 19
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

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4 Beethoven download download Allegro
1st movt from Sonata in F ('Spring'), Op. 24
 
No. 5 from Beethoven: Sonatas for Piano and Violin, Vol. 1
Henle (HN 7)

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5 Bruch download download No. 13 and No. 14 and No. 15
from Schwedische Tänze, Op. 63 Vol. 2
 
Bruch: Schwedische Tänze, Op. 63, Vol. 2
Simrock (EE 3111)

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6 Elgar download download Allegro
1st movt from Sonata, Op. 82
 
Elgar: Sonata Op. 82
Novello (NOV120026R)

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7 Franck download download Allegretto poco mosso
4th movt from Sonata in A
 
Franck: Sonata in A
Wiener Urtext (UT 50174)

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List C

No. Composer Piece information Publication(s)
1 Copland download download Hoe-Down
from Rodeo
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

More details
2 Helen Grime download download Romance
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

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3 Michael Nyman download download Full fathom five
from On the Fiddle
 
Violin Exam Pieces, 2016–2019, Grade 8
ABRSM

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4 Janáček download download Balada
2nd movt from Sonata
 
Janáček: Works for Violin and Piano
Bärenreiter (BA 9508)

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5 Kabalevsky download download Allegro molto e con brio
1st movt from Concerto in C, Op. 48
 
Kabalevsky: Concerto in C, Op. 48
Peters (EP 4618)

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6 Kodály
arr. Fejgin
download download The Kálló Double-Dance
(complete; lower line optional in arco stopped passages in 1st movt)
 
Kodály: The Kálló Double-Dance, arr. Fejgin
Editio Musica Budapest (Z.3231)

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7 Kreutzer download download Étude No. 10 in G (Allegro) or Etude No. 35 in E♭ (Marcia: Moderato)
from 42 Études ou Caprices for Solo Violin
 
Kreutzer: 42 Études ou Caprices for Solo Violin
Peters (EP 284)

More details

Violin requirements and information: Pieces

Programme planning: Candidates must choose one piece from each of the three lists (A, B and C) in each grade. In the exam, they should inform the examiner which pieces they are performing, and they are welcome to use the Exam programme & running order form (PDF) for this purpose.

Accompaniment: A live piano accompaniment is required for all pieces, except those which are published as studies or unaccompanied works. Candidates must provide their own accompanist, who may remain in the exam room only while accompanying. The candidate’s teacher may act as accompanist (examiners will not). If necessary, the accompanist may simplify any part of the piano accompaniment, provided the result is musically satisfactory.

Exam music & editions: Wherever the syllabus includes an arrangement or transcription, the edition listed in the syllabus must be used in the exam; in all such cases the abbreviation ‘arr.’ or ‘trans.’ appears in the syllabus entry. For all other pieces, the editions quoted in the syllabus are given for guidance only and candidates may use any edition of their choice (in- or out-of-print or downloadable).

Interpreting the score: Printed editorial suggestions such as fingering, bowing, metronome marks, realization of ornaments etc. need not be strictly observed. Whether the piece contains musical indications or not, candidates are always encouraged to interpret the score in a stylistically appropriate manner. Ultimately, examiners’ marking will be determined by consideration of pitch, time, tone, shape and performance, and how control of these contributes to the overall musical outcome.

Vibrato: The use and control of vibrato, and its effect on tone and shape, will be taken into account by examiners, who will be assessing the overall musical outcome. Pieces whose full musical effect is heavily reliant on vibrato tend not to appear in the syllabus before around Grade 5.

Repeats: All da capo and dal segno indications should be observed but all other repeats (including first-time bars) should be omitted unless they are very brief (i.e. of a few bars) or unless the syllabus specifies otherwise.

Cadenzas & tuttis: Cadenzas should not be played unless the syllabus specifies otherwise. Lengthy orchestral tutti sections should be cut.

Performing from memory: Candidates are free to perform any of their pieces from memory; in such cases they must ensure that a copy of the music is available for the examiner to refer to if necessary. No additional marks are awarded for playing from memory.

Page-turns: Examiners will be understanding if a page-turn causes a lack of continuity during a piece, and this will not affect the marking. A variety of solutions for awkward page-turns exists, including the use of an additional copy of the music or a photocopy of a section of the piece (but see ‘Photocopies’ below). In cases where candidates believe there is no solution to a particularly awkward page-turn, they may apply to bring a page-turner to the exam. The request must be made to the Syllabus Department no later than the closing date for entry, and details of the piece, edition and nature of the difficulty should be given. If permission is granted, a confirmation letter will be issued which must be taken to the exam as verification. Examiners are unable to help with page-turning. In a Grade 8 exam, a candidate’s accompanist is permitted to bring a page-turner to assist with page-turns in the piano part (prior permission is not required).

Photocopies: Performing from unauthorized photocopies (or other kinds of copies) of copyright editions is not allowed. ABRSM may withhold the exam result where it has evidence of an illegal copy (or copies) being used. In the UK, copies may be used in certain limited circumstances – for full details, see the MPA’s Code of Fair Practice at www.mpaonline.org.uk. In all other cases, application should be made to the copyright holder before any copy is made, and evidence of permission received should be brought to the exam.

音阶和琶音

21 marks

 

 

range

bowing requirements

rhythm pattern

Scales

Ab, C, Db, Eb, E majors

G#, C, C#, Eb, E minors
(harmonic or melodic, as directed by the examiner)

3 octaves

separate bows and slurred
(7 notes to a bow)

even notes or long tonic, at candidate's choice

Arpeggios

Ab, C, Db, Eb, E majors

G#, C, C#, Eb, E minors

3 octaves

separate bows and slurred
(9 notes to a bow)

even notes

Dominant sevenths
(resolving on tonic)

In the keys of Db, F, Ab and A

3 octaves

separate bows and slurred
(4 notes to a bow)

even notes

Diminished sevenths

Starting on C, Eb and E

2 octaves

separate bows and slurred
(4 notes to a bow)

even notes

Starting on Ab

3 octaves

separate bows and slurred
(4 notes to a bow)

even notes

Chromatic scales

Starting on C, Eb and E

2 octaves

separate bows and slurred
(12 notes to a bow)

even notes

Starting on Ab

3 octaves

separate bows and slurred
(12 notes to a bow)

even notes

Double-stop scales
(in parallel)

In octaves, in D major and G minor
(harmonic or melodic, as directed by the examiner)

1 octave

separate bows

even notes or long tonic, at candidate's choice

In sixths, in Eb major

2 octaves

separate bows

even notes or long tonic, at candidate's choice

Double-stop scale
(in broken steps)

In thirds, in Bb major

2 octaves

See scale and arpeggio patterns (PDF)

See scale and arpeggio patterns (PDF)


Violin requirements and information: Scales and arpeggios

Examiners will usually ask for at least one of each type of scale/arpeggio etc. required at each grade, as well as aiming to hear a balance of separately-bowed and slurred requirements. When asking for requirements, examiners will specify only:

  • the key (including minor form – harmonic or melodic – in the Grade 6–8 scales) or the starting note
  • separate bows or slurred (except for where the requirements are to be prepared with separate bows only – e.g. Grade 1 arpeggios)

All scales and arpeggios should:

  • be played from memory
  • be played from the lowest possible tonic/starting note, unless the syllabus indicates otherwise
  • ascend and descend according to the specified range (and pattern)

Candidates are free to use any fingering that produces a successful musical outcome. For major and minor scales (and double-stop scales in parallel sixths/octaves) candidates may choose between two rhythm patterns: even notes or long tonic. Arpeggios, dominant and diminished sevenths are required in root position only. All dominant sevenths must finish by resolving on the tonic.

Books of scale requirements are published for Violin by ABRSM for each grade.

Bowing will generally dictate the tempi of slurred scales and arpeggios. Separately bowed requirements should be played briskly, using no more than half the bow length. The speeds below are given as a general guide.

视奏

21 marks

A piece of around sixteen to twenty-four bars in length, time and key signatures as Grade 7, with the addition of 12/8, B, Db majors and F minor. Highest note A (a'''): shifts as required to cover this range. Acceleration of tempo, simple ornaments and 8va may be encountered.


Violin requirements and information: Sight-reading

Candidates will be asked to play a short unaccompanied piece of music which they have not previously seen. They will be given up to half a minute in which to look through and, if they wish, try out all or any part of the test before they are required to play it for assessment. The main technical parameters are outlined for the grade (see above); once introduced, these parameters apply for all subsequent grades (albeit with a logical progression of difficulty). For practice purposes, books of specimen sight-reading tests are published for Violin by ABRSM.

听力测试

18 marks

  1. (i) 凭记忆以唱或弹奏的方式重复考官弹过两遍的三声部乐句中的最低声部。这个最低声部会在1个八度的音域之内,是最多有3个升降号的大调或小调。首先考官会弹奏主和弦和开始音,然后数2小节。(如果考生选择弹奏,考官还会根据其乐器给出相关主和弦和开始音的名称。)如有必要,考官会把乐句再弹一次并允许考生做第二次尝试(尽管这会影响得分)。

    (ii) 辨认乐句结尾的终止式是完全终止、不完全终止、阻碍终止还是变格终止。乐句会是大调或小调,由考官弹奏两次。构成终止式的和弦将限于主和弦(原位、第1或第2转位)、上主和弦(原位或第1转位)、下属和弦(原位)、属和弦(原位、第1或第2转位)、属七和弦(原位)或下中音和弦(原位)。在第一次弹奏之前,考官会弹奏主和弦。

    (iii) 辨认构成上面终止式进行的3个和弦(包括其位置)。这些和弦将限于主和弦(原位、第1或第2转位)、上主和弦(原位或第1转位)、下属和弦(原位)、属和弦(原位、第1或第2转位)、属七和弦(原位)或下中音和弦(原位)。首先考官会指出并弹奏主和弦,然后按顺序连续弹奏这3个和弦,最后分别弹奏每个和弦,并稍作停顿以便考生辨认。考生可用术语(主和弦、第1转位,等等)、和弦音级(lb,等等)或音名(C大调第1转位,等等)来回答。

  2. 视唱乐谱上的1个二声部乐句的低音声部,同时考官弹奏高音声部。考生可选择高音或低音谱号。这个低音声部会在1个八度的音域之内,是最多有4个升降号的大调或小调。首先考官会给出并弹奏主和弦和开始音并提示节拍。随后考生会有一个短暂的预备时间,其间考生可出声试唱。考官会再次弹奏主和弦和开始音,然后数2小节。如有必要,考官会允许考生做第二次尝试(尽管这会影响得分)。
  3. 辨认2个不同乐段的结尾处的转调是转到属调、下属调还是关系小调/大调。第1个乐段会从大调开始,而第2个乐段会从小调开始;每个乐段会由考官弹奏一次。在弹奏每个乐段之前,考官会给出并弹奏开始的主和弦。考生可用术语(属调*、下属调、关系小调/大调)或新调的音名来回答。(*小调乐段可能会转到属大调或属小调,这种情况下考生只需指出“属调”即可。)
  4. 描述考官所弹奏乐曲的个性特征。聆听该乐曲后,考生应描述出其任何显著特征(如织体、结构、特性、风格和时期等等。)考官仅在必要时提示考生有关问题。

Violin requirements and information: Aural tests

Aural test requirements are the same for all subjects.

Listening lies at the heart of all good music-making. Developing aural awareness is fundamental to musical training because having a ‘musical ear’ impacts on all aspects of musicianship. Singing, both silently in the head and out loud, is one of the best ways to develop the ‘musical ear’. It connects the internal imagining of sound, the ‘inner ear’, with the external creation of it, without the necessity of mechanically having to ‘find the note’ on an instrument (important though that connection is). By integrating aural activities in imaginative ways in the lesson, preparation for the aural tests within an exam will be a natural extension of what is already an essential part of the learning experience.

In the exam

Aural tests are an integral part of all Practical graded exams. The tests are administered by the examiner from the piano. For any test that requires a sung response, pitch rather than vocal quality is the object. The examiner will be happy to adapt to the vocal range of the candidate, whose responses may be sung to any vowel (or consonant followed by a vowel), hummed or whistled (and at a different octave, if appropriate).

Assessment

A number of tests allow for a second attempt or for an additional playing by the examiner, if necessary. Also, where there is hesitation on the part of the candidate, the examiner will be ready to prompt, if necessary. In any such cases, this will affect the assessment. Marks are not awarded for each individual test nor deducted for mistakes but reflect the candidate’s overall response in this section.

Minor modifications (from 2011)

This syllabus includes the minor modifications introduced to some aural tests in 2011.

Specimen tests

Examples of the tests are given in new editions (from 2011) of Specimen Aural Tests and Aural Training in Practice, available for purchase from music retailers and from the ABRSM music shop.

Deaf or hearing-impaired candidates

Deaf or hearing-impaired candidates may opt to respond to alternative tests in place of the standard tests, if requested at the time of entry. For further guidance contact the Access Coordinator. Examples of the alternative tests are available for purchase from Allegro Music (T +44 (0)1885 490375; E [email protected]). The minor modifications (from 2011) do not affect the alternative aural tests.

Violin Grade 8 Violin

小提琴第8级演奏考试包括四部分:从当前考纲三套曲目中各选一首进行演奏,音阶和琶音,视奏,以及听力测试。

个人演奏考试总分为150分。考生达到100分是合格,120分是良好,130分是优秀。

出版物及音频资源

练习配套应用程序

Violin Practice Partner

Violin Practice Partner非常简易好用,它让您在备考时的练习更加动听、悦耳和有趣。

Translations for this page are available in: English, 简体中文

 

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